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淺談網絡傳播的社會管理


A Brief Discussion on Internet Regulation/Governance

主題詞:因特網 社會治理 舉世性序言 統領范圍 交融性

Key Words: Internet regulation global medium jurisdiction integration

內容擇要

跟著因特網的迅速成長及其對人們社會生活的影響日益凸現,因特網的社會治理問題,已在世界范圍內引起關注。本文聚焦于因特網的一些基礎特征對收集傳播的社會治理的尋釁,并評論爭論對收集的社會治理中法制扶植同自律/道德扶植及技巧手段的關系。文章指出,中外許多有關鉆研和評論爭論都留意到了因特網的跨地域、跨國界的傳播特征給收集治理帶來的艱苦,然則,因特網的另一基礎特性,即交融性特性,同樣同收集治理的艱苦重重慎密相關。本文還指出,在注重自律與技巧手段在收集治理中的感化的同時,必須熟識到司法框架在這個問題上的指示感化并強調司法扶植和道德扶植并重的緊張性。

Abstract

As the Internet develops rapidly and exerts increasingly great impact on people’s social life, the issue of Internet regulation/governance has received much attention throughout the world. This article focuses on some basic characteristics of the Internet and the challenges these characteristics pose to Internet regulation/governance. In addition, it discusses the relationship between legal regulation, (industry) self-regulation, and the use of technological means in Internet regulation. It points out that while much related research and many related discussions have observed the challenge to Internet regulation brought by this new, global medium’s capacity for cross-border, world wide communication, another basic characteristic of the Internet, i.e., integration, is also closely related to difficulties in Internet regulation/governance. Moreover, it also holds that while paying attention to the functions of (industry) self-regulation and technological means, we must recognize the fundamental guiding function of legal regulation and emphasize the importance of laying equal stress on both legal regulation and self-regulation in Internet governance.

自因特網崛起為嶄新一代的傳媒以來,網上信息流暢的空前自由度倍受褒揚,被視為因特網技巧的特性之一。將收集與信息在世界范圍的自由從容的流暢聯系在一路,這彷佛已成為評論爭論收集的思維定勢。然而,誠如聞名加拿大年夜學者、將序言技巧與人類文明成長史聯系起來進行探究的前驅英尼斯所指出的那樣,在人類傳播成長史上,傳播序言統統統文明對空間領域和光陰跨度的節制治理相互關注。今世大年夜眾傳媒業的成長史則進一步顯示,對付扳連到職業傳播者同社會的其它部門、其他成員的關系并且對社會的政治、經濟、文化具有偉大年夜影響力的大年夜眾傳播活動,任何社會都弗成能完全放任自流而不加任何約束節制,而是一定會施加必然的治理。不論人們是否愛好,傳媒技巧與傳媒業彷佛歷來與“節制/治理”有必然的聯系。跟著因特網的迅速成長及其對人們社會生活的影響日益凸現,因特網的社會治理問題,也在世界范圍內引起關注??v然是在美國這樣一個自由主義政治哲學的影響根深蒂固的國家,因特網治理也已被提上議事日程。

I.因特網的跨國界特性對收集傳播社會治理的尋釁

在有關收集傳播社會治理的探究中,因特網的傳播特征及其給收集治理帶來的艱苦是評論爭論的一個熱點,而因特網作為舉世性的傳播收集的跨地域、跨國界特性,彷佛是許多有關鉆研中涉及、闡發到的給收集傳播的社會治理帶來尋釁的緊張緣故原由。例

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